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On the left side of the image are two "mortars." Usually they were embedded into the floor – as is the one furthest left. Grain was placed inside and pounded with a large stick to "grind" it.
The stone slab on the right side of the image was originally embedded in the floor and served as a solid base upon which a column was placed.
All of these items are typical artifacts found in Early Bronze Age "broad houses" as Arad.
For a Map and a brief description of the historical significance of Arad Click Here.