Gezer Calendar

Gezer Calendar

View of the “Gezer Calendar” that is displayed on the second floor of the “Archaeological Museum” in Istanbul.  It was discovered in 1908 at Tell Gezer  in (present day) Israel.

This soft limestone tablet is just over 4 in. [10 cm.] high and is inscribed with seven lines of ancient Hebrew.  It was written in the 10th century B.C. (days of Solomon or Rehoboam).


His double-month is ingathering
His double-month is sowing
His double-month is late-planting.
His month is chopping flax.
His month is barley harvest.
His month is harvest and measuring (?).
His double-month is pruning. His month is summer fruit.

Lower left vertical margin – a personal name “Abiya.”

Translation from McCarter, P. Kyle, Jr.  "The Gezer Calendar (2.85)."  Pp. 222 in vol. 2 of The Context of Scripture — Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World, ed. by William W. Hallo and K. Lawson Younger, Jr..  Leiden: Brill, 2000.  Click Here to view for purchase from

The “calendar,” highlighting the agricultural sequence in Israel is evidently a “school boy’s exercise” and is one of the earliest examples of Hebrew writing.

To “visit” Gezer Click Here.