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View of one of the underground rock cut chambers located on the lowest level of Saint Peter in Gallicantu.
Supposedly the church is build over/near the house of Caiaphas the High Priest (mentioned 9 times in the New Testament), before whom Jesus was questioned. According to tradition, Jesus was imprisoned here during that time and later Peter and John were imprisoned here as well (Acts 5).
The caves/chambers evidently date to the Second Temple Period.