Pompeii was famously destroyed in August of A.D. 79.
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The area of Beersheba is mentioned in association with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. From the period of David onward, Beersheba served as a southern outpost for the Judean kings. Indeed, the ideal boundaries of the land of Israel were "from Dan [in the north] to Beersheba [in the south]." Beersheba is mentioned 34 times in the Bible.
Beersheba was the administrative capital of the Negev region. It was strategically placed, for it guarded the road that ran from Transjordan to Gaza on the Mediterranean Coast. It also guarded the route that proceeded from Beersheba into the Hebron area in the Hill Country of Judah.