San Paolo fuori le Mura (Saint Paul Outside the Walls) is located south of Rome outside the ancient walls along the via Ostiense. It is one of the four great papal basilicas of Rome and thus has "extraterritorial" privileges. According to tradition Paul was buried in a vineyard on which this basilica is built. A shrine long existed here and the first church was begun in A.D. 384.
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The Herodium is located 7.5 miles south of Jerusalem. It is about 3.5 miles southeast of Bethlehem.
According to Josephus, a Jewish historian, it served as a palace/fortress for Herod the Great. Herod was buried here in 4 B.C. Later the Herodium served as a base for Jewish rebels during the first (A.D. 66-70) and second (A.D. 132-135) revolts against the Romans.