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View looking east down the Nave of the Basilica of the Holy Cross in Jerusalem in Rome.
The church is also known as the Basilica Sessoriana, and Santa Croce in Gerusalemme. It was rebuilt in 1144. The present building was constructed in 1743–1744 as noted in the Latin inscription above the main entrance: "Benedict XIV Pontifex maximus in honor of the Holy Cross in the fourth year of his pontificate."