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View looking east at the present-day Cayster River. This picture was taken about 0.3 mi. [0.5 km] east of the Aegean Sea—looking east. The Cayster flows from upper center towards lower left past the viewer.
In the New Testament Era, this area was actually part of the Aegean Sea, but due to silting this area—about 3 mi. [5 km] west of the NT site of Ephesus—is now dry/marsh land.
The hill in the central horizon is Panayir Dag (ancient Mt. Pion) on the slops of which the famous theater of Ephesus was built.