The Sinai peninsula has an area of 23,600 square miles — smaller than West Virginia. The southwest coast of Sinai borders on the Gulf of Suez, stretching 180 miles from Suez to Sinai’s southern tip, Sharm esh-Sheikh. Sinai’s southeastern side borders on the Gulf of Elath/Aqaba and is 120 miles long.
A track called the Darb el-Hagg (the “Way of the Pilgrimage”) connects Elath/Aqaba on the east with Suez on the west; it was of importance up through the late 1800s, as Egyptian Muslims used it on their pilgrimages to Mecca. During biblical times, this road connected Egypt with Midian (in Saudi Arabia) and provided the Egyptians with access to the copper mines at Timna, just north of Elath/Aqaba.
The southern tip of Sinai consists of dramatic, jagged granite peaks, some of which reach heights of over 8,600 feet.
For students of the Bible, the events surrounding the giving of the Law at Mount Sinai are of prime importance—traditionally located at Jebel Musa.
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