Hazor was a large Canaanite city that was conquered by Joshua and allotted to the tribe of Naphtali (Joshua 11; 19:36). Its forces fought against Deborah and Barak (Judges 4:2, 17). Solomon fortified the city (1 Kings 9:15) and it was conquered by the Assyrian king Tiglath–pileser III in 732 B.C. (2 Kings 15:29).
It is located on a ridge 9.5 mi. [15 km.] north of the Sea of Galilee overlooking the swampy Huleh Valley. It is one of the largest tels in Israel, covering 200 acres [81 ha.]. The larger lower portion of the tel was inhabited from the 18th century B.C. to the 12th century while the upper portion of the tel (citadel) was occupied during all of its occupational phases.