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View of the altar of Zeus as reconstructed in the Staatliche Museum in Berlin. The altar is rectangular in shape measuring 118 x 112 ft. [36 x 34 m].
The altar was built by the king Eumenes II (197–159 B.C.) in memory of the victory of Attalus I over the Celts. It originally faced west (right) on a 20 ft. [6 m.] high podium. Signifcant remains of this magnificent structure were found in secondary usage and taken to Berlin were it has been reconstructed in the Staatliche Museum. Thus, only the foundation of the altar remains on the site of Pergamum.
Many commentators have suggested that the continuous fires of the sacrifice, visible from the city 1,000 ft. [300 m.] below, are what the author of Revelation (2:13) referred to as "The Throne of Satan"—although other interpretations are possible.