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View from the southwest looking northeast at Balogh's representation of the Zeus Altar at Pergamum. In the upper left (north) portion of the image buildings higher up on the citadel of Pergamum are visible.
The massive altar was rectangular in shape measuring 118 x 112 ft. [36 x 34 m]. It was built by the king Eumenes II (197–159 B.C.) in memory of the victory of Attalus I over the Celts. It originally faced west (as in this image—toward the viewer) on a 20 ft. [6 m.] high podium (compare the size of the people in the image). This magnificent structure, major fragments of which were found in reused contexts, has been reconstructed in the Staatliche Museum in Berlin.
Many commentators have suggested that the continuous fires of the sacrifice, visible from the city 1,000 ft. [300 m.] below, are what the author of Revelation (2:13) referred to as "The Throne of Satan"—although other interpretations are possible.
Only the foundation of the altar remains on the site of Pergamum.
For a map and a brief description of Pergamum Click Here.
This image has been posted courtesy of Balage Balogh. It may NOT be used on any other web sites, DVDs, or for any commercial purposes without the expressed written consent of Balage Balogh. Click Here to contact him. Many of his images can be viewed at www.archaeologyillustrated.com.